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в каталог IVвариант 1. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием -s; и какую…

в каталог

1. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием -s; и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т.е. служит ли оно:
а) показателем 3-го лица единственного числа в Present Indefinite;
б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;
в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.
Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.    All my son's friends are students.
2.    My mother lives in the country.
3.    Every year she visits her relatives.
II. Перепишите следующие предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения и переведите их на русский язык.
1.    My brother is not so tall as you are.
2.    Winter is the coldest season of the year.
3.    The less people think, the more they talk.

III. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в каждой из них глагол-сказуемое и определите видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
a) 1. They were working all the evening yesterday.
     2. They have visited many places of interest during their traveling.
b) 1. This dinner is cooked by my sister.
     2. My father was operated yesterday.
IV. Перепишите предложения. Подчеркните Participle 1 и Participle 2 и установите функцию каждого из них, т.е. является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью сказуемого. Переведите на русский язык.
1.    When done this work will give good results.
2.    The girl playing chess with her friend is a student of our group.
3.    The experiments made at our laboratory are very interesting.
4.    Walking in the forest I enjoyed fresh air.
V. Перепишите следующие предложения. Подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.    They can do this work themselves.
2.    They were allowed to use dictionaries at the lesson.
3.    He had to take a taxi, because it was too late.
VI. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на бессоюзное подчинение.
1.    We were sure we should succeed in introducing the new flavours to the market.
2.    The young engineer is sure the professor will give him some valuable advice.
VII. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива в предложениях.
1.    Milk is often pasteurized to destroy pathogenic microorganisms and to eliminate spoilage and defects induced by bacteria.
2.    The main problem of the Sundae-style yogurt production is to place and keep fruit at the bottom of the cup.
3.    To obtain condensed milk water should be partially removed from the mixture of milk and suitable sweetener.
4.    The total solid content to be reached in buttermilk is 12.0-13.5 percent.
VIII. Прочитать и письменно переведите текст.
Chocolate is a usually sweet, brown food preparation of roasted and ground cacao seeds that is made in the form of a liquid, paste, or in a block, or used as a flavoring ingredient in other foods. The earliest evidence of use traces to the Olmecs (Mexico), with evidence of chocolate beverages dating to 1900 BC. The majority of Mesoamerican people made chocolate beverages, including the Maya and Aztecs. The word "chocolate" is derived from the Classical Nahuatl word chocolātl. 
The seeds of the cacao tree have an intense bitter taste and must be fermented to develop the flavor. After fermentation, the beans are dried, cleaned, and roasted. The shell is removed to produce cacao nibs, which are then ground to cocoa mass, unadulterated chocolate in rough form. Once the cocoa mass is liquefied by heating, it is called chocolate liquor. The liquor also may be cooled and processed into its two components: cocoa solids and cocoa butter. Baking chocolate, also called bitter chocolate, contains cocoa solids and cocoa butter in varying proportions, without any added sugar. Powdered baking cocoa, which contains more fiber than it contains cocoa butter, can be processed with alkali to produce dutch cocoa. Much of the chocolate consumed today is in the form of sweet chocolate, a combination of cocoa solids, cocoa butter or added vegetable oils, and sugar. Milk chocolate is sweet chocolate that additionally contains milk powder or condensed milk. White chocolate contains cocoa butter, sugar, and milk, but no cocoa solids.
Chocolate is one of the most popular food types and flavors in the world, and many foodstuffs involving chocolate exist, particularly desserts, including cakes, pudding, mousse, chocolate brownies, and chocolate chip cookies. Many candies are filled with or coated with sweetened chocolate, and bars of solid chocolate and candy bars coated in chocolate are eaten as snacks. Gifts of chocolate molded into different shapes (such as eggs, hearts, coins) are traditional on certain Western holidays, including Christmas, Easter, Valentine's Day, and Hanukkah. Chocolate is also used in cold and hot beverages, such as chocolate milk and hot chocolate, and in some alcoholic drinks, such as creme de cacao.
Although cocoa originated in the Americas, West African countries, particularly Côte d'Ivoire and Ghana, are the leading producers of cocoa in the 21st century, accounting for some 60% of the world cocoa supply.
With some two million children involved in the farming of cocoa in West Africa, child slavery and trafficking were major concerns in 2018. However, international attempts to improve conditions for children were failing because of persistent poverty, absence of schools, increasing world cocoa demand, more intensive farming of cocoa, and continued exploitation of child labor.

IX. Найдите в тексте значения следующих слов и словосочетаний.
1.    Жареные и молотые семена какао
2.    прослеживать, отследить
3.    шоколадные напитки
4.    получать, извлекать
5.    какао-бобы
6.    натуральный шоколад
7.    потребляемый
8.    растительное масло, растительный жир
9.    сгущенное молоко
10.     сохраняющаяся нищета, постоянная бедность
11.    мировые поставки какао

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