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в каталог III вариант I. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием -s; и…

в каталог

III вариант


I. Перепишите следующие предложения. Определите по грамматическим признакам, какой частью речи являются слова, оформленные окончанием -s; и какую функцию это окончание выполняет, т.е. служит ли оно:
а) показателем 3-го лица единственного числа в Present Indefinite;
б) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;
в) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.
Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.    My sister studies English at the University.
2.    There are many new houses in the streets of our city.
3.    Peter's mother spends much time at her scientific studies.
II. Перепишите следующие предложения, содержащие разные формы сравнения и переведите их на русский язык.
1.    The Alpes are the highest mountains in Europe.
2.    It is one of most important questions of our conference.
3.    Better late than never.
III. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в каждой из них глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
a) 1. They have already forgotten this story.
    2. He is speaking to his friend at this moment.
b) 1. New subjects will be studied next year.
    2. These toys are made by their children.

IV. Перепишите предложения. Подчеркните Participle 1 и Participle 2 и установите функцию каждого из них, т.е. является ли оно определением, обстоятельством или частью сказуемого. Переведите на русский язык.
1.    Freezing water loses its properties of a liquid.
2.    When given the book read the article about environmental protection.
3.    The sky is covered with clouds.
4.    They are discussing a very important problem now.
V. Перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол или его эквивалент. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1.    He was allowed to take part in the work of this conference.
2.    She can not speak any foreign language.
3.    I had to stay home because of my illness.
VI. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на бессоюзное подчинение.
1.    Many things we use in everyday life are made from plants.
2.    The students tell the professor  are ready to begin the experiment.
VII. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива в предложениях.
1.    It is necessary to add alkaline substances to sour cream in the process of butter making.
2.    To convert lactose into lactic acid is the main purpose of both Streptococeus and Lactobacillus bacteria.
3.    The usual ratios to be maintained between two types of bacteria in the inoculum are 1:1 or 1:3.
4.    Today manufactures add food colouring throughout the year to ensure a consistent colour.
VIII. Прочитать и письменно переведите текст.
Biscuit.
A biscuit is a flour-based baked food product. In North America, a biscuit is typically a soft, leavened quick bread, 
Early biscuits were hard, dry, and unsweetened. They were most often cooked after bread, in a cooling bakers' oven; they were a cheap form of sustenance for the poor.
By the seventh century AD, cooks of the Persian empire had learnt from their forebears the techniques of  lightening and enriching bread-based mixtures with eggs, butter, and cream, and sweetening them with fruit and honey. One of the earliest spiced biscuits was gingerbread, in French, pain d'épices, meaning "spice bread", brought to Europe in 992 by the Armenian monk Grégoire de Nicopolis. He left Nicopolis Pompeii, of Lesser Armenia to live in Bondaroy, France, near the town of  Pithiviers. He stayed there for seven years and taught French priests and Christians how to cook gingerbread. This was originally dense, treaclely (molasses-based) spice cake or bread. As it was so expensive to make, early ginger biscuits were a cheap form of using up the leftover bread mix.
Biscuits today can be savoury or sweet, but most are small at around 5 cm (2.0 in) in diameter, and flat. The term biscuit also applies to sandwich-type biscuits, wherein a layer of "creme" or icing is sandwiched between two biscuits, such as the custard cream, or a layer of jam 
Sweet biscuits are commonly eaten as a snack food, and are, in general, made with wheat flour or oats, and sweetened with sugar or honey. Varieties may contain chocolate, fruit, jam, nuts, ginger, or even be used to sandwich other fillings.
The digestive biscuit and rich tea have a strong identity in British culture as the traditional accompaniment to a cup of tea and are regularly eaten as such. Some tea drinkers "dunk" biscuits in tea, allowing them to absorb liquid and soften slightly before consumption. Chocolate digestives, Rich tea, and Hobnobs were ranked the UK's top three favourite dunking biscuits in 2009, with custard creams coming third in a non-dunking poll.
Savoury biscuits or crackers (such as cream crackers, water biscuits, oatcakes, or crisp breads) are usually plainer and commonly eaten with cheese following a meal. Many savoury biscuits also contain additional ingredients for flavour or texture, such as poppy seeds, onion or onion seeds, cheese (such as cheese melts), and olives. Savoury biscuits also usually have a dedicated section in most European supermarkets, often in the same aisle as sweet biscuits. The exception to savoury biscuits is the sweetmeal digestive known as the "Hovis biscuit", which, although slightly sweet, is still classified as a cheese biscuit. Savoury biscuits sold in supermarkets are sometimes associated with a certain geographical area, such as Scottish oatcakes or Cornish wafer biscuits.
In general, the British, Australians, South Africans, New Zealanders, Indians, Pakistanis, Sri Lankans, Singaporeans, Nigerians, Kenyans, and the Irish use the British meaning of "biscuit" for the sweet biscuit, the terms biscuit and cookie are used interchangeably, depending on the region and the speaker, with biscuits usually referring to hard, sweet biscuits (such as digestives, Nice, Bourbon creams, etc.) and cookies for soft baked goods (i.e. chocolate chip cookies).

IX. Найдите в тексте значения следующих слов и словосочетаний.
1.    Первоначально плотный
2.    патока 
3.    оставшаяся хлебная смесь 
4.    ароматный
5.    заварной крем
6.    диетическое печенье
7.    тройка самых любимых британских бисквитов
8.    несладкие бисквиты
9.    шотландские овсяные лепешки
10.     взаимозаменяемо, равнозначно

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