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Артикул: иняз45-5

Автор решения: admin

Вариант 5 Внимание! Нет глоссария и вопросов к тексту, раскрывающих содержание, к VI пункту.  I. Поставьте данное предложение во все существующие…

Вариант 5

Внимание! Нет глоссария и вопросов к тексту, раскрывающих содержание, к VI пункту. 

I. Поставьте данное предложение во все существующие видовременные формы:

          The gardener plants beautiful flowers.


II. Употребите правильную видовременную форму глагола в Passive Voice:

  1. Bread (to bake) from flour, yeast and water.
  2. His cow (to feed) properly, that’s why it didn’t produce a large supple of rich milk.
  3. Many cats and dogs (to take) away from their owners in the UK recently because of bad care.
  4. The dog (to operate) on when the vet heard some noise in the reception.
  5. Contour plowing (to use)  soon to prevent soil erosion.
  6. Some rare flowers (to grow) in this region for many years.
  7. I knew that the cable (to hand) to the man by the electrician.

III. Преобразуйте действительную конструкцию в страдательную:

  1. Farmers breed dairy cows for milk.
  2. Many beekeepers have lost their bees because of the parasitic mite Varroa.
  3. You will always have honey on your table if you start keeping bees.
  4. Lightning performs some very useful services for a mankind.
  5. He is distributing fertilizers now.
  6. They paid all the foreign workers in local currency.
  7. The use of farm machines will have decreased the amount of human labour by the end of the year.

IV. Поставьте вопросы всех типов к данным предложениям:

  1. Most cereals are harvested by using a combine.
  2. During the 18th century farming was transformed by an agricultural revolution.
  3. His dog has been overfed with junk food.
  4. The issue of alternative energy sources is being studied by this Research Institute now.

V. Переведите на английский язык, используя различные видовременные формы глагола (ActivePassive):

  1. В течение жизни корова будет давать много молока.
  2. Люди едят молочные продукты каждый день.
  3. В местной булочной продается хлеб, приготовленный вручную.
  4. Эти животные были вакцинированы от многих болезней.
  5. Чем занимается профессиональный лесник?
  6. В исследовании отмечено, что в подобный анализ была включена теория спроса и предложения.
  7. В Соединенных Штатах электрики делятся на две основные категории.


VI. Работа с текстом:

  1. прочитайте и переведите текст письменно на русский язык;

Patterns of Growth

Plants continue to grow, or increase in side throughout their leaves. The growth of a plant is a result of cell division and enlargement of cells. Cell division takes place only in special regions in each organ. These regions are called dividing zones.

Growth of stems and roots. A growth region is located at the tips of both roots and sterns. Cells in these regions are actively dividing. Cells outside the growing tips do not divide. After new cells are produced they become longer. In turn, the length of the stem or root increases.

When not actively growing, the dividing zones of woody stems are covered by protective scales. When growth starts, the scales fell away. Ring like scars called scale scars are left on the stem where the scales once were.

The distance between the scale scars and the tip of the stem is the amount the stem has grown during the last growing season. A single stem may have several scale scars on it. Each scar represents the end of a different growing season. The age of any stem can be determined by counting the scale scars.

In roots, the dividing zone is covered with the root cap. As cells are worn from the root cap they are replaced by the new cells formed in a dividing zone.

The stems and roots of most woody plants increase in width as well as in length. Growth in width is made possible by a dividing zone called the cambium. The cambium is between the xylem and phloem cells. Each year the cambium produces new layers of xylem and phloem. Once formed, xylem and phloem cells do not divide.

The old phloem cells in stems are crushed between the new phloem and the bark. The new layer of xylem cells forms a ring around the old layers. When growing conditions are favourable new cells in the xylem are big. When conditions are poor new xylem cells are small.

  1. составьте глоссарий (13-15 слов или словосочетаний терминологического характера c их значениями);
  2. поставьте 3-4 вопроса к тексту, раскрывающих его содержание.


VII. Найдите статью из интернет — газеты “The Daily Telegraph” (http: // telegraph. co. uk) объемом в 2000 печ. знаков и переведите письменно на русский язык.


VIII. Подготовьте устное сообщение о своей будущей специальности.

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