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Артикул: иняз45-1

Автор решения: admin

Вариант 1. I. Поставьте данное предложение во все существующие видовременные формы:          The gardener plants beautiful…

Вариант 1.

I. Поставьте данное предложение во все существующие видовременные формы:

         The gardener plants beautiful flowers.


II. Употребите правильную видовременную форму глагола в Passive Voice:

  1. Bread (to bake) from flour, yeast and water.
  2. His cow (to feed) properly, that’s why it didn’t produce a large supple of rich milk.
  3. Many cats and dogs (to take) away from their owners in the UK recently because of bad care.
  4. The dog (to operate) on when the vet heard some noise in the reception.
  5. Contour plowing (to use) soon to prevent soil erosion.
  6. Some rare flowers (to grow) in this region for many years.
  7. I knew that the cable (to hand) to the man by the electrician.

III. Преобразуйте действительную конструкцию в страдательную:

  1. Farmers breed dairy cows for milk.
  2. Many beekeepers have lost their bees because of the parasitic mite Varroa.
  3. You will always have honey on your table if you start keeping bees.
  4. Lightning performs some very useful services for a mankind.
  5. He is distributing fertilizers now.
  6. They paid all the foreign workers in local currency.
  7. The use of farm machines will have decreased the amount of human labour by the end of the year.

IV. Поставьте вопросы всех типов к данным предложениям:

  1. Most cereals are harvested by using a combine.
  2. During the 18th century farming was transformed by an agricultural revolution.
  3. His dog has been overfed with junk food.
  4. The issue of alternative energy sources is being studied by this Research Institute now.

V. Переведите предложения на английский язык, используя различные видовременные формы глагола (ActivePassive):

  1. В течение жизни корова будет давать много молока.
  2. Люди едят молочные продукты каждый день.
  3. В местной булочной продается хлеб, приготовленный вручную.
  4. Эти животные были вакцинированы от многих болезней.
  5. Чем занимается профессиональный лесник?
  6. В исследовании отмечено, что в подобный анализ была включена теория спроса и предложения.
  7. В Соединенных Штатах электрики делятся на две основные категории.


VI. Работа с текстом:

  1. прочитайте и переведите текст письменно на русский язык;

Harvesting crops

Harvesting like other phases of farming has undergone a revolution during recent years. The change from the cradle to the self-binding reaper marked a great advance in agriculture and made possible an enormous expansion in grain production.

No less important has been the shift from the harvest binder to the use of the harvest thresher. Respectively, the number of acres of grain that can be farmed per man, is much greater today than it was a decade years ago.

A farmer plans to harvest his crops just as early as possible but not before the crop is mature enough to give maximum yields of superior quality. If wheat is cut too early, the grain may be shriveled and the quality inferior. Too early harvesting with the combine may result in heating the grain in storage. And, vice versa, if the grain keeps too long, shattering losses can be resulted to a grower.

It is a common belief among some farmers that small grain crops heavily attacked by rust should be harvested before they mature to secure the best yields. Some scientists have shown this to be incorrect. Grain plants continue to develop their seeds as long as the plant has a water content of more than 40 per cent of actual need. Rust may be slowing the maturity rate of the grain plants, but even under these conditions it is better to delay harvest until normal time.

The farmers who have large acreages may feel it necessary to start harvesting as nearly as possible or order to complete the job within a reasonable period. It is best, however, to delay the start of harvesting until the grain is in the dough stage. At this time no further materials are being elaborated, and ripening is mostly a matter of water loss.

Care must be taken to avoid spoilage from the high water content of the straw if the crop is cut with a binder and shocked. Some varieties tend to have green straw after the grain is ripe enough for harvest, and care must be exercised to prevent spoilage in the shock. When grain is harvested with a binder, it is said to contain 20 to 30 per cent water. Naturally, such grain must be dried before threshing. Usually the drying process is completed in the shocks formed from the bundles.

(b) составьте глоссарий (13-15 слов или словосочетаний терминологического характера с их значениями);

(c) поставьте 3-4 вопроса к тексту, раскрывающих его содержание.


VII. Найдите статью из интернет-газеты “The Daily Telegraph” (http: // telegraph.couk.) объемом в 2000 печ. знаков и переведите его письменно на русский язык.

VIII. Подготовьте устное сообщение о своей будущей специальности.

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